What is fesh-fesh? What does CAP mean? What’s the difference between a liaison and a neutral zone? Here’s your complete list of what’s what for Dakar 2017…
ASO: Amaury Sport Organisation, the French company organising the Dakar Rally.
Assistance: Trucks, mechanics, Team Managers... all the support staff that wait for the riders in each bivouac in order to repair their vehicles, preparing them for the next day’s stage.
Bivouac: Daily camp where the riders and assistance arrive after each stage. It is a travelling village counting more than 3,000 people and having all the necessary services: food, toilets, a space to work on the vehicles, medical centre, the race office, etc. There are two alternating bivouacs.
Briefing: It is a daily meeting during which the organisation explains the details of the next stage. It takes place at 8 p.m.
CAP: A compass bearing indicated in the roadbook which the riders have to follow until the next reference.
Cervantes, Iván: HIMOINSA Racing Team rider (#25).
DZ/FZ: Beginning/End of the Speed Control Zone. In given points, the speed of the riders is controlled for safety reasons.
Special Stage (SS): Timed section of each day tour. The time used by every rider determines their classification.
Erg: Desert covered with dunes.
Farrés, Gerard: HIMOINSA Racing Team rider (#8).
Fesh Fesh: Very fine sand (like talc) which devours vehicles and makes it difficult to see the track, hiding traps.
Gimeno, Antonio: HIMOINSA Racing Team rider (#33).
GPS: It only offers the compass information although it can be unblocked (in this case a penalty is applied) in order to offer additional information that can serve as a guide when the competitor is lost. It is also used to control the competitors’ speed during a given stage.
HIMOINSA Racing Team: Biggest Spanish team in 2017 Dakar.
Iritrack: It is a satellite tracking system which all the competitors have installed. It makes the organisation know their precise location at each moment of the rally raid. Besides, it makes possible for the rider and the race control to communicate.
KTM: 450 Rally, the 6 motorcycles of the HIMOINSA Racing Team. KTM have won the event 15 consecutive times.
Liaison: a transfer section from the bivouac to the SS start point and from the SS end point to the next bivouac.
Marathon Stage: a two-day stage of competition during which the assistance is not authorised to work on the motorbikes. The riders themselves have to repair them in order to compete for the next day’s classification.
Medical helicopter: If a rider activates the red Iritrack button the organisation immediately sends a rescue helicopter.
Mousse: It’s a gum "doughnut" which is installed inside the wheel. It allows for rolling without air and avoiding punctures.
Neutral Zone: It is an untimed section between two special stages. It may also refer to the fact of stopping the race by the organisation in case of an incidence.
Oliveras, Dani: HIMOINSA Racing Team rider (#82).
Parc Fermé (Closed Park): It is a place where the motorbikes park and where it is totally forbidden to work on them. The riders will have to apply these rules during the marathon stages.
PCO: A post of operational coordination of the race. It works 24 hours a day and follows the development of each stage.
Penalty: The time added to the rider’s SS times in case of not having complied with some point of the race regulations. It may also be a financial sanction, like in case of exceeding the maximum speed limits in some tour zones.
Puertas, Miguel: The Team Manager of the HIMOINSA Racing Team.
Ramos, Antonio: HIMOINSA Racing Team rider (#106).
Rest day: Halfway through the race, at stage 8, the whole caravan stops in La Paz. The organisation gives the riders and their vehicles one day of rest before they face the second week of the rally.
Road Book: It is a roll of paper that contains the indications for the given day’s stage, including the direction indications, way to follow, dangers and distances of the tour. The competitor can follow the road book with help of their navigation devices.
Romero, Rosa: HIMOINSA Racing Team rider (#81).
Sentinel: A device which informs the riders, by means of a whistle, of a proximity of another vehicle. It is very useful in case of overtaking in poor visibility conditions and it especially helps to avoid bike accidents.
Trip-Master: Navigation tool that indicates the exact distance from the place in which it is zeroed. In this way, the exact kilometres between two road book points of reference are measured.
Uyuni: A famous and spectacular salt pan located in Bolivia.
Way Point: Obligatory point to pass by all the competitors. If a competitor gets lost and does not pass through this control, they are penalised by the organisation. Some way points are signposted and others not, to make sure the riders follow the established route without shortcuts.
Yanmar & HIMOINSA: Principal sponsors of the HIMOINSA Racing Team.
ZZZ: An immeasurable number of hours sleep all competitors, service personnel and event organisers will partake in when the 2017 Dakar Rally concludes on January 14!
Photos: Sebas Romero/KTM Images/Himoinsa Racing Team